In Article II, Section 1, they spelled out the basic qualifications: must be 35 years of age, a resident within the U.S. for 14 years, and a natural-born citizen, i.e. someone born within the U.S. borders.
In Article VI, the Founding Fathers also specified that there will be no religious test to qualify, either for any religion or against. Geez, for the last 30+ months, I've been reading job postings for administrative assistants and writers, and they have included skill qualifications, education, and experience. Do you see anything about those in the qualifications for President? No. In fact, what the Founding Fathers spelled out is actually covered by the I9 form for all U.S. employees -- over 18? Check. Are you a U.S. citizen or legal resident alien? Check. Have you ever been convicted of a felony? I guess the Founding Fathers didn't expect a convicted felon to apply for the job.
I think anyone who wants to be President needs to fill out an application at USAJobs and answer an assessment questionnaire that covers the qualifications, skills, education and experience needed to carry out the duties and responsibilities. The vetting process is certainly rigorous, as we're seeing during the Republican primary process, but I believe it could be supplemented by background and credit checks done by the Office of Personnel Management. It really bothers me that there are no specific qualifications regarding skills, education and experience for this important government position. If I must be a college graduate, have certain skills and experience, then I believe any candidate for President should also.
What specific qualifications do you think a candidate for President needs?
DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
The President is the Commander in Chief of the military forces, and has the power to grant reprieves and pardons.
The President has the power to make treaties, with approval by the Senate.
The President shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Supreme Court judges and all other officers of the U.S. with the approval of the Senate.
The President has the power to make recess appointments.
The President will inform Congress of the State of the Union, and recommend actions and resolutions.
The President may, in an extraordinary situation, convene Congress and tell them when and where.
The President receives Ambassadors and other public Ministers.
The President shall "take care that the Laws be faithfully executed."
The President shall commission all the Officers of the U.S.
It all seems rather broad to me. There are implied powers, such as for foreign policy creation in being Commander in Chief and appointing Ambassadors but nothing specific. I also don't see anything here about the American economy. That may fall under the public Ministers, as in Secretary of Treasury.
The Founding Fathers may have wanted this job open to any citizen of the U.S. who thought he or she could do it and that's the reason for the minimum qualifications and broad description of duties and responsibilities. Nowadays, it's clear that not just any citizen can apply for this job.
For example, one qualification now is to have wealth and/or financial independence. Another is to have crack fundraising skills and contacts. Another qualification that I've observed especially this year is selective perception of reality. Another is the ability to talk to the media and not say anything of substance.
What other qualifications would you like to see included for this important government position? Remember, the U.S. now has laws against discrimination for gender, age, race, religion, sexual orientation or disability.